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History of Christmas

There are very few people in the world today who do not know what the Christmas holiday is all about. Christmas, as we know it today, is the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ, which happened over 2000 years ago. The word “Christmas” translates to “Mass Of Christ”. However, we can all be sure that the celebration of the Christmas holiday did not start right away. So how did the actual celebration of the Christmas holiday begin?

Believe it or not, many of the traditions that we observe during the Christmas holiday season began way before the birth of Christ. Exchanging gifts, decorating trees, and the burning of the Yule log were all winter traditions that began before Christ was born, but were eventually incorporated into the holiday that became known as Christmas, and became part of Christmas history. http://www.historyofchristmas.net/

Over 4000 years ago, the Mesopotamians celebrated each new year with a 12-day festival, called Zagmuth. The Mesopotamians, who believed in many gods, held this festival in support of their chief god, Marduk, because they believed that he battled the monsters of chaos at the beginning of each winter. It is from this festival that the 12 days of Christmas is believed to have originated.

The ancient Romans held a celebration each year in honor of their god Saturn. The festival, which they called Saturnalia, began in the middle of December and lasted until the first of January. The Romans decorated their homes with garlands, as well as trees upon which they hung candles. During the festival the citizens of Rome would visit each other’s homes and hold great feasts. One of the theories of how the tradition of the giving of Christmas gifts came about was from the Roman practice of exchanging gifts between family and neighbors during the festival of Saturnalia to promote good luck.


During the winter in ancient Scandinavia there would be a certain amount of days where the sun would not shine. Upon the return of the first sunlight, the Scandinavians would hold a festival called the Yuletide. A Yule log would be burned in a special fire, and everyone would gather around the fire and hold a great feast. To remind themselves that the spring and summer would surely return again, people in some areas of Scandinavia would tie apples to tree branches. The tradition of the Christmas tree is believed to have evolved from this ritual, as well as from the Roman ritual of decorating trees with candles during the festival of Saturnalia. Some believe that the tradition of singing carols began when people in Scandinavia would sing celebration songs on the Winter Solstice, the shortest day of the year, which happened around December 22nd.

One theory about the evolution of the winter celebrations to the celebration of the birth of Jesus is that the Roman emperor Constantine, who converted to Christianity, wanted to incorporate the pagan winter rituals together with the celebration of Jesus’ birth. In this way, Constantine hoped to help both pagans and Christians celebrate together. Many believe that this is the reason for celebrating the birth of Christ on December 25th. It is widely believed today that Jesus was not actually born on, or even close to, December 25th. Eventually, the Roman church became almost completely successful in making the December celebration only about the birth of Christ, replacing any celebrations that were in honor of pagan gods.

Though the celebration of Christmas is basically based on the same belief today, it is not celebrated in exactly the same way in every country. In Great Britain, one tradition they observe during the Christmas season is “Boxing Day”. On Boxing Day, the boxes containing alms for the poor are opened at every church and the alms are distributed to the poor. An alternate theory to the origin of carols is that they originated in Great Britain and not Scandinavia. Whether or not this is true, many of the Christmas songs that we sing and Christmas music that we hear today were written in 19th century England.

Christians in China celebrate Christmas by decorating their homes and trees with paper lanterns, paper flowers, and paper chains. Christians in Iran refrain from eating any animal products from December 1st until after Christmas church services on December 25th, after which they have a traditional feast of chicken stew. In Venezuela, Christians attend daily morning church services between December 16th and December 24th. In the capital city of Caracas, it is customary to roller skate to these services. People in Northern Brazil celebrate Christmas with a traditional play called “Los Pastores”, or “The Shepherds”. In the Brazilian version of this play, the shepherds are always women, and there is a scene where a gypsy attempts to kidnap the Christ child.

It is believed that British painter John Callcott Horsley designed the first Christmas card in 1843. Horsley designed the card for his friend Sir Henry Cole, who was the first director of the Victoria and Albert museum. The card showed a family celebrating Christmas, and read “A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to You”. The tradition caught on quickly in England, and it was not long before the first Christmas cards began showing up in the United States and other countries as well.

One cannot talk about the history of Christmas without mentioning Santa Claus. Bishop Nicholas of Smyrna, who lived in the 4th century A.D. in what is known today as Turkey, was a very wealthy and generous man, who especially loved children. He was known to throw gifts into the houses of poor children in order to brighten their spirits. He was later titled Saint Nicholas, and became the patron saint of children and seafarers. From his story evolved the legend of Santa Claus – the jolly man who brings gifts to children all over the world on Christmas Eve. In England he came to be known as Father Christmas, in China he is known as Dun Che Lao Ren, which means “Christmas Old Man”. Many believe that the giving of gifts originates from the deeds of Bishop Nicholas, and not the Roman tradition of giving gifts during the festival of Saturnalia. More likely, the tradition evolved from both practices.
 
 
 
 

Christmas Cookie Recipes= Just Click and Find

Christmas cookies make wonderful gifts, and cookie baking and decorating is a special event for many families. Most baked cookies can be frozen decorated or undecorated, or you can freeze your cookie dough now for baking and decorating just before the holidays. Here are dozens of cookie recipes, including basic shortbread cookies, refrigerator cookies, fancy bars, and traditional Christmas cookie recipes. Try one of the cookie recipes below, and use the index to the right for cookie mailing help, gift tags, baking and freezing tips, and links to even more cookie recipes.

Happy Holidays!
Click the link below to connect to the cookie page


http://southernfood.about.com/cs/cookierecipes/a/aa121497.htm 

A
nother Great Link for Cookies

http://www.christmas-cookies.com/

E.Vaughn’s Conversion Flour Mix

2 cups brown rice flour
2 cups sorghum flour or millet flour
1 cup amaranth flour
1 cup tapioca starch
1 cup potato starch
1 cup arrowroot starch
1 cup almond flour
9 Tablespoons xanthan gum
Mix well. Refrigerate until needed.
Replace one cup wheat flour with one cup conversion mix and you have instant wheat free cookies, cakes, bars, or any other recipe you love. 

History of Old Christmas Day

Until the time of Julius Caesar the Roman year was organized round the phases of the moon. For many reasons this was hopelessly inaccurate so, on the advice of his astronomers, Julius instituted a calendar centered round the sun. It was decreed that one year was to consist of three hundred and sixty-five and a quarter days, divided into twelve months; the month of Quirinus was renamed 'July' to commemorate the Julian reform. Unfortunately, despite the introduction of leap years, the Julian calendar overestimated the length of the year by eleven minutes fifteen seconds, which comes to one day every one hundred and twenty-eight years. By the sixteenth century the calendar was ten days out. In 1582 reforms instituted by Pope Gregory XIII lopped the eleven minutes fifteen seconds off the length of a year and deleted the spare ten days. This new Gregorian calendar was adopted throughout Catholic Europe.

Protestant Europe was not going to be told what day it was by the Pope, so it kept to the old Julian calendar. This meant that London was a full ten days ahead of Paris. The English also kept the 25th of March as New Year's Day rather than the 1st of January. By the time England came round to adopting the Gregorian calendar, in the middle of the eighteenth century, England was eleven days ahead of the Continent.

A Calendar Act was passed in 1751 which stated that in order to bring England into line, the day following the 2nd of September 1752 was to be called the 14th, rather than the 3rd of September. Unfortunately, many people were not able to understand this simple maneuver and thought that the government had stolen eleven days of their lives. In some parts there were riots and shouts of 'give us back our eleven days!'

Before the calendar was reformed, England celebrated Christmas on the equivalent of the 6th of January by our modern, Gregorian reckoning. That is why in some parts of Great Britain people still call the 6th of January, Old Christmas Day.
 

Super Woman Quiz

New Years Happy Jar. Collect the positive for 2015

This January, why not start the year with an empty jar and fill it with notes about good things that happen. Then, on New Years Eve, empty it and see what awesome stuff happened that year. Good way to keep things in perspective! ~Krystal~

Impress your guests with Tangy Simple Cranberry Sauce

Cranberry Sauce

One bag fresh cranberries, rinsed
One cup sugar
1/2 cup orange juice
1/4 cup water
dash salt

Place in medium sauce pan and hear over medium heat, stirring occasionally, until mixture comes to a boil and the cranberries begin to pop. Take off heat, cool, enjoy. Tangy, simple, impressive.

Cheese Ball

Whip together: 2-8oz softened cream cheese
                             10 oz extra sharp cheddar cheese shredded
                            
Add:
1 Tablespoon chopped pimento
1 Tablespoon chopped bell pepper
1 teaspoon finely chopped onion
1 teaspoon lemon juice
2 teaspoons Worchestershire sauce
Dash cayenne pepper ( I put several “dashes”)
Salt to taste
 
Mix well, roll in finely chopped walnuts with a sprinkle of dried parsley.
Chill 24 hours for best flavor
 
 
                             

Candied Walnuts

4 cups shelled walnuts
1 cup sugar
½ cup water
1 teaspoon cinnamon
½ teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon vanilla
Heat walnuts on a cookie sheet for 5 minutes at 375 degrees just before pouring the sugar mixture over them.
Butter saucepan and add; sugar, water, cinnamon, and salt. Heat and stir until sugar is completely dissolved and mixture comes to a boil. Cook without stirring until it obtains a “soft ball” stage according to a candy thermometer.
Remove from heat and beat by hand for one minute or until creamy. Add vanilla and pour over walnuts. Mix well until walnuts are coated. Cool on a buttered cookie sheet. Separate with a fork if needed. ENJOY

Thanks & Giving All Year Long

The publication of Marlo Thomas' forthcoming anthology for children, Thanks and Giving All Year Long (Simon & Schuster), was largely inspired by cherished memories of Thanksgiving, a holiday that, she notes, "brings together two great ideas-thanks and giving-that we can celebrate every day of the year." The book collects uplifting stories, poems and pictures from acclaimed writers, illustrators, and celebrities, and Rhino's CD companion volume compiles songs and spoken word selections from a host of musicians and notables.

5 Things You Can Do To Protect Yourself From Alzheimer's

5 Things You Can Do To Protect Yourself From Alzheimer's - People are often told that there is very little that can be done to prevent Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia. This study has results to show that those with greater life purpose and some specific nutrition approaches can result in the maintenance of better cognitive ability.http://www.foodmatters.tv/articles-1/5-things-you-can-do-to-protect-yourself-from-alzheimers

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